A few days ago

Accusative/Nominative in Latin?

Im just begining to leard latin and I have frequently heard the words Accusitive and Nominative used. Could somebody please tell me what they mean.

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A few days ago

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It is quite simple really. If in a sentence, you are referring to a thing, without that thing being acted on by anything, going to anything, just being the thing itself, in other words, it is the thing that is doing the action, then it is NAMED as what it is, and it is called in the nominative case. The subject of a sentence will be in the nominative case, as the subject is doing the action.

The accusative case, in English, is better called the objective case. It identifies the object, the thing that the subject is directly acting on.

Example: the boy breaks the chair.

Boy is doing the action, he is the subject, and NOMINATIVE.

The chair is being acted on, it is the object of the action, and so is in the OBJECTIVE, or ACCUSATIVE case.

Imagine a hand floating right after the verb, with a finger pointing at the object the verb is referring to. The finger pointing at the chair is ‘accusing’ the chair. The boy breaks. Finger pointing forward, ‘what does he break?’ – he breaks the chair.

I would suggest you spend some time listening to the “My First Latin Lessons” on the latinum podcast, where these matters are clearly explained.