Effects of alcohol consumption among college students

Introduction

Extreme alcohol consumption, as well as spree drinking among college students, continues to be an issue on the campuses and within surrounding communities. Numerous survey research depicts that up to 90 percent of the entire college students drink alcoholic beverages. Excessive alcohol consumption frequently results in a broad range of adverse consequences such as poor academic and work performance, unintended and unsafe sexual activity, sexual attack, stuff damage, physical ferocity, as well as vehicle crashes (Corbit & Janak, 2016). Due to the significant proportion of the college students encountering alcohol-associated issues, researchers, as well as corresponding prevention practitioners, have targeted this very vital group with myriad intervention plans.

Regarding the operant conditioning standpoint, drug utilization is deemed to be learned responses that are sensitive to respective users’ consequences and can thus comprehend as operant behaviors.

Positive Reinforcement

The positive reinforcing impacts of alcohol are deemed to be accepted as significant motivating factors regarding the alcohol-drinking behavior within the early stages of alcohol utilization (Tabrani & Masbur, 2016). These impacts are assessed utilizing progressive-ratio schedules of reinforcement regarding the number of the underlying responses needed for subsequent delivery of the reinforcer slowly escalates during the session.

The alternative operant process is the free-choice responding that permits assessment of the alcohol consumption and corresponding preference. This will entail a range of experimental manipulations of multiple bottles with different alcohol concentrations depending on the accessibility of the alcohol (Corbit & Janak, 2016). These manipulations offer valuable extra information concerning the preference for alcohol.

Negative Reinforcement

The early stages of alcohol utilization related to alcohol’s positive reinforcing impacts. Nevertheless, alcohol’s negative reinforcing impacts might contribute to alcohol-drinking behavior at this stage where individuals who suffer from contemporaneous psychiatric disorders as well as utilization of alcohol that is deemed as self-medicate disorder (Tabrani & Masbur, 2016). The adverse reinforcing effects of alcohol are deemed to be a critical component of the motivation regarding drinking alcohol during the transition to the necessity. Thus, withdrawal symptoms happen due to the discontinuation of alcohol utilization as well as the individual drinks to avoid those withdrawal symptoms. Moreover, the adverse reinforcing impacts of alcohol can be assessed other supplementary models for the testing extent of the imposed withdrawal of the alcohol.

Neuroadaptation

Alterations regarding reinforcing the value of the alcohol during the transition emanating from alcohol utilization and abuse concerning the dependence reflect adaptive neural changes emanating from chronic exposure to elevated alcohol doses (Tabrani & Masbur, 2016). Numerous processes typically contribute to the escalated motivation about the drugs during the advance of the dependence. The escalation refers to the sensitization of the reduction of drugs repeated exposures (Corbit & Janak, 2016). Moreover, tolerance entails reduction within the reinforcement of the efficiency of the drugs succeeding the repeated exposures.

Conclusion

Alcohol dependence is deemed as a debilitating disease that typically worsens over a certain duration. Moreover, the degree literature regarding the significance of the brain reward circuits within the development of alcohol dependency plays fundamental responsibility regarding the regulation of stress and apprehension coupled with intermediate executive operations. Excessive alcohol consumption emanates from a range of adverse consequences. Due to the significant proportion of the college students encountering alcohol-associated issues, researchers, as well as corresponding prevention practitioners, have targeted this very vital group with myriad intervention plans

References

Corbit, L. H., & Janak, P. H. (2016). Habitual alcohol seeking: neural bases and possible relations to alcohol use disorders. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 40(7), 1380-1389.

Tabrani, Z. A., & Masbur, M. (2016). ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES ON THE EXISTENCE OF SOUL AND ITS INFLUENCE IN HUMAN LEARNING (A Philosophical Analysis of the Classical and Modern Learning Theories). JURNAL EDUKASI: Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling, 1(2), 99-112.