Mexico country is a former colony of Spain that gained independence after many years of struggle in 1821, in this year several emperors were being built as a sign of freedom. After a few years all the states joined and formed a coalition country called the United Mexican States. Due to political greediness the country starting experiencing internal conflicts mainly involving those who supported the federal form of government and the conservatives, later however the country separated into three parts which were very hostile towards each other and finally this led to the boundary war with America who intended to occupy Texas.

After a long conflict the federal government finally came to power which brought new signs of

hope and freedom within the country. In 1860 conflicts started as a result of France invasion

with the support of conservatives, this led to the establishment of the second Mexican empire

which was to be headed by the conservative wing. Series republican presidents emerged with

support from


; this led to a quick recovery of the economic status due to the introduction of various reforms. Some of the reforms were beneficial as the


economy started growing at high rate while other reforms brought in negative impacts to the country and this saw the assassination of presidents.

It was hard for an elected president to finish his term in the office before being assassinated, Some however did finish their term and these were those who brought reforms that facilitated greatly to economic growth, in 1970s the country started experiencing some smooth economic growth and non-PRI were elected as president but this was latter followed by mass protests

which made him to resign in the early 1990s .Later on various political parties emerged and became more popular than previous leaders.


Geographical Information

Mexico is located in Central America but geopolitically it is located in North America. It is

bordered by the

United States

to the north and to the eastern side is the Atlantic Ocean while on the western side is the

Pacific Ocean



is the 14


largest country in the world and links both north and South America

. Despite this, its large is also contributed by the islands which are on both Pacific and Atlantic oceans.

Mexico is surrounded by mountains which run from the north to south of the country there are several other ranges like Sierra Madre del Sur, Many of the country parts experience adequate rainfall in many seasons and this is the reason why Mexico is globally known for its agricultural activities.

Mexico has two climatic conditions which is divided into two parts by the tropical of cancer, therefore some parts experience cooler temperatures especially during the winter while others are warm mostly the southern part of the country. The country therefore experiences moderate climatic conditions throughout the year

On the other hand Mexico is considered as the home for over 12% of species in the world, these species include amphibians and reptiles. This is as a result of the forest cover in most parts of the country and also due to the large water bodies that are within and outside the country.



Mexico is one of the most populated countries with a population of over 100 million people, Majority of the population live in cities whereby about 75% of the whole population live in urban cities while the rest live in the less developed areas, Most of the cities are found in the north regions which include the big five cities. Majority of migrants are from the north western and south eastern regions of the country with less migrants from other regions, this migration is caused by bads weather and less productivity in these areas.

Life expectancy in the whole country is approximately 70 to 76 with the two regions Baja and Nuevo Leon having the highest life expectancy. Other regions have low life expectancy which is below 73, these area include Chiapas and Guerrero. However the mortality rate has greatly reduced for both men and women as a result of improved medical services.

The common language used in most parts of Mexico, according to the recent statistics Mexico is

the only country with a large number of individuals speaking Spanish. This is a result of their

colonization by



Current Style of Government

The Mexico government is sub divided into three levels of leaderships, this has existed since the implementation of the constitution in 1917. They include the municipal government , the federal union and the state government with the federal government being the most powerful. All the leaders of the three levels are voted in by the officials or in some situations they are appointed by the officials


The federal government is made up of the three branches with each having specific members, These branches are the Legislative which mainly composes of the members of the senate and deputies. The Executive is headed by the president of the United Mexico States while the Judiciary comprises of the judges appointed by the president. In the current Congress there are more than six political parties which show that Mexico is now becoming a multiparty democratic country.

National Culture

Ethnically, Mexico consists of many different ethnic people from all over the world majority of

them being from Spain. The most largest number of people according to race is the Metizos, they are half Spanish and half Amerindian and account for 65% of the whole Mexico

population. The Amerindian were indigenous Mexicans who contribute to 20% of the whole population while the Whites who are immigrants from the Europe and Asia

constitute about 10% of the whole population.

Economical Structure

Mexican economy is one of the large economies in the world, It has modern infrastructure and also involves in agricultural activities which contribute nearly a quarter of its national income. The impacts of these economic achievements have made the government to offer free medical and education to its citizens. Mexico is also popular for its tourist industry, this has greatly resulted to economic growth as a result of foreign income from tourists


Jermyn, Leslie. Countries of the World: Mexico. Wisconsin: Gareth Stevens Publishing, 1998.


Kent, Deborah. Mexico: Rich in Spirit and Tradition. New York: Benchmark Books, 1996.

Rummel, Jack. Mexico. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 2001.

Stein, R. Conrad. Mexico: Enchantment of the World. New York: Children’s Press, 1998.