SIOP Lesson Plan:

Lesson: Global Warming.


Global warming is the increase average earth’s atmosphere temperatures due to environmental changes. It is an issue that has generated heated debate all over the world due to its lasting effects on the climate. Choosing the lesson for the 10 th grade ELL students will help to enlighten them on global warming and its causes. They will be able to understand what can be done to control or stop it, (Williams & Patten, 2006)

The language objectives of improving the reading capabilities, writing techniques as well as fluent speaking and understanding of English language will be achieved. The Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) helps the teacher to make a standard-based lesson plans with noticeable objectives and involves students in inspiring, empirical activities using elastic, mixed–ability grouping. SIOP help the teacher to concentrate on comprehensible contribution and carefully scaffold learning by involving learners in conversation by employing supplementary resources that boost understanding.

Teachers using SIOP educate learners using a lot of practice of language skills and perform instantaneous formative assessment with individual students, (The SIOP Institute, n.d).

Cognitive theory of language acquisition entails the language a one of the student’s entire intellectual development. The theory is based on the argument that the learner has to comprehend a concept before they acquire the specific language form expressing the concept. Another phenomenon associated with the cognitive theory of language acquisition. According to this phenomenon, the learner is not aware of any object they cannot see. Involving the English students in the discussion of their experiences on climate change will help them to understand the language better and improve their vocabularies as they are used in the class discussion.

SIOP Lesson Plan

The cognitive theory has a dark side in that it becomes tough to find distinct connections between language and intellect as the learner continues to develop. The theory is challenged by the fact that there are some people learn to speak fluently in spite of having abnormal mind development, (Center for Applied Linguistics, n.d).

On the other hand, the Interactionist or the input theory of language acquisition employs the idea of learning the language through the interaction of the care-givers, including the teachers. The main aim of language is communication and so it can only be well learnt through interaction between the teacher and the student. The child-directed speech helps promote language acquisition, and the process is referred to as scaffolding for the student’s English learning. Involving the students in an interactive session of the global warming lesson will make them increase their understanding of English language.

The major differences between the cognitive theory and the interactionist theory is that in cognitive theory, the learner may learn the language without necessarily the presence of the educator as they can learn by seeing and practicing, while in the interactionist theory, the student learns though direct interaction with the teacher and hence the presence of the teacher is necessary, (Peregoy & Boyle, 2008).

The speculation of the lesion plan is that the student will improve their reading skills by reading the global warming texts and improve their vocabularies and pronunciation by participating in the interactive sessions of the lesson. They will better their writing skills as they write summaries of the contexts they have learnt in the lesson, (Echevarria, Vogt, & Short, 2008).

SIOP Lesson Plan:


: Global Warming

SIOP Lesson Plan


ESL 10





Content Objectives:

The student will understand what  is global warming, what its causes are, what its consequences to the

Language Objectives:


1. Interpret text tackling realistic questions             regarding simple familiar text.

2. Infer about the author’s perspectives

EQ: What does the book say about  global warming?

EQ: What is the author’s  attitude toward global warming?

Speaking and Listening:

1. Express simple views and describe incidences and             stories

SIOP Lesson Plan

EQ: Give your perspective on  global warming


1. Providing various perspectives to the class

EQ: How can we obtain hints in a  word to know its definition?

Key Vocabulary:




Materials: (Including supplementary and adapted):


The Discovery of Global Warming

Global Warming: Causes, Effects  and the Future

SIOP Lesson Plan

Global Warming: The Complete Briefing

Unstoppable Global Warming:  Every 1,500 Years

Teaching aids


Higher-Order Questions:

Students from this list.

Do you think global warming is  caused by man?

Is there anything that man can  do to control global warming?

What is your perspective about  the effects of global warming?

Will the global warming increase  or reduce in future?


15 min

SIOP Lesson Plan


Building Background:

Links to Experience

: Have you ever experienced abno

Have you ever experienced extra  low temperatures in winter? Write a story about the coldest winter yo

Links to Learning


1. Comparing and contrasting

2. Use of adjectives

3. Examine different perspectives

Key Vocabulary:

perspective, inferences


10 min

Student Activities:

Scaffolding: Guided, independent

SIOP Lesson Plan

Grouping: Whole class, small  group

Process: Reading, writing, listening, speaking

Strategies: Meaningful, links to  objectives

Modifications: Assignments,  adjustments to texts, assessments for students


15 min

Review and assessment                                                                                                          : Individual, written, formal assess

The students to write a summary  of the context they read and their perspectives.

Review Key Vocabulary                                                                                                            : The students to review the vocab

SIOP Lesson Plan

In conclusion, the Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) is effective in preparing an efficient lesson plan for English language lesson and the application of language acquisition theories help arriving at approaches of making the English learner’s comprehensibly understand the language.


Echevarria, J., Vogt, M., & Short, J. (2008). Making Content Comprehensible for English Learners (3rd ed.), (Chapters 5, 6, and 7): Boston: Pearson Education. (2008)

Peregoy, S., & Boyle, O. (2008). Reading, Writing, and Learning in ESL: A Resource Book for K-12 Teachers (5th ed.), (Chapter 9)

Boston: Pearson Education, Inc. (2008).

Williams J. & Patten B. (2006). Theories in Second Language Acquisition: An Introduction:

Routledge, 2006

The SIOP Institute. Website: , Retrieved on 25th Feb, 2010.

Center for Applied Linguistics. Website: , Retrieved on 25th Feb, 2010.