A few days ago

How can I write a bibliography?

Hi! I must write a bibliography for a school essay, but I need some advice from expert english people (I’m Italian)…Can you help me?

How do I write the bibliography for this scientific article?

Title: “A new day dawning? Silicon Valley sunrise”

Author: Oliver Morton

Published on Nature n° 443 in September 2006

And what about dictionaries? Do I have to list them in alphabetic order with other books or do I have to put them in a separate section? What can I do if there is no author on the dictionary?

Could you please give me some example?

Thank you for your help!!


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da un italiana che vive negli US…

How to Write a Bibliography

This link is designed to help you write bibliographies for school assignments. A bibliography is a list of magazines, books, and newspapers that have been used in your research. There are many different ways to write a bibliography, and this sheet uses the bibliographic format recommended by District 99 teachers, and is based on MLA style. There is a glossary of terms below that defines words that may be unfamiliar.


• The book or magazine title is always underlined in a bibliography!

• If a citation is more than one line long, indent the second line five spaces.

• Put the bibliography in alphabetical order, by the author’s last name. If there is no author listed, use the first word of the title (not “a,” “an,” or “the”).

• When there is more than one author, list the authors in the order they are listed on the title page.

• If you use information from an article in a book or magazine, the article is listed before the title.

Book Citations:

Bibliographic citations for books vary. These examples can help you write your bibliography for many types of book citations.

Book with one author:

Higham, Cindy. Snowflakes for All Seasons. Salt Lake City: Gibbs Smith, 2004.

The author is listed, last name first. The title is underlined. The city where the book is published is listed followed by a colon and the name of the publisher. The year the book is published is then listed followed by a period.

Book with two authors:

Rhatigan, Joe and Newcomb, Rain. Prize Winning Science Fair Projects for Curious Kids.

New York: Lark Books, 2004.

A book that has an editor:

Dickins, Rosie, ed. The Usborne Introduction to Art. Tulsa: EDC Publications, 2004.

A book without an author:

Fodor’s ’05 Costa Rica. New York: Fodor’s Travel Publication, 2005.

An article in a book without an author:

“Afghanistan.” Time Almanac. Needham, MA: Pearson Education Inc., 2005.

The title of the article is listed before the title of the book.

If the city of publication is unfamiliar, the name of the state or country is listed as well.

Encyclopedia and Other Reference Books:

An encyclopedia article may or may not have an author. The author’s name can be found at the end of the article. An article that has an author is called a “signed article.”

Signed articles:

Dundes, Alan. “Magic.” World Book Encyclopedia. Volume 13. Chicago: World

Book Inc., 2005.

The name of the encyclopedia article is placed after the author’s name and put in quotation marks.

Unsigned articles:

“Human Spaceflight.” Compton’s Encyclopedia. Volume 22. Chicago, Encyclopedia,

Britannica, 2004.

Magazines and Newspapers:

Magazines and newspapers are good sources for locating current information. When citing a magazine or newspaper [sometimes called periodicals], use the following formats. Periodical articles may or may not have an author.


Signed articles:

Keith, Ted. “From Cursed to First.” Sports Illustrated Kids. January 2005: 31-33.

Urbanas, Jason. “Bodies of Pompeii.” Dig. March 2005. Vol. 7: 16-17.

The author’s name is given first, the name of the article, then the name of the magazine, the date of the magazine, a colon and then the page number(s).

Unsigned articles:

“Charged.” Kids Discover. February 2005. Vol.6, Issue 2. p.4.


“FBI Agent ‘Risked Life’ by Posing as Wise Guy.” Chicago Tribune. 10 March

2005. Section 1, Page 1.

If the article has an author, it is placed before the name of the article.

World Wide Web/Internet:

Australian Scientists Prove Less Trees, Less Rain. Online. 10 March 2005.

If there is an author, list it first. Title of item is underlined. [online]. Date of access and put the in brackets.

Internet Citation for an Articles from an Online Database like Infotrac or Biography Resource:

“Bowling for Bounty.” Consumer Reports. January 2004: 7. Infotrac. Gale Group

Databases. Downers Grove Public Library. 15 March 2005.

Author’s name first. Then the title of the article, followed by the title of the magazine or newspaper, the date of publication, and then the page number(s). Name of the database, name of the service (the company that provided the site), the name of the library that provided the service, date of access, and the network address.

Waldfogel, J. “Piracy on the High C’s: Music Downloading.” Working Paper Series.

29 November 2004: 48. World Cat. First Search. Downers Grove Public Library.

11 March 2005.

“Republic of Poland Background History.” Culture Grams. Online. Internet Downers.

Grove Public Library. 11 March 2005.