HELP!! i need to answer and analyze these questions about vietnam?
How did Pres. Nixon prepare South Vietnam in 1971-72 for the withdrawal of US troops?
What were the results of the war for Vietnam in the 1970’s?
What were the results of the war for the United States in the 1970’s?
During the 1968 presidential election, Richard M. Nixon promised “peace with honor”. His plan was to build up the ARVN, so that they could take over the defense South Vietnam (the Nixon Doctrine). The policy became known as “Vietnamization”, a term criticized by Robert K. Brigham for implying that, to that date, only Americans had been dying in the conflict.
On January 15, 1973, Nixon announced the suspension of offensive action against North Vietnam. The Paris Peace Accords on “Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam” were signed on January 27, 1973, officially ending direct U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. A cease-fire was declared across North and south Vietnam. U.S. POWs were released. The agreement guaranteed the territorial integrity of Vietnam and, like the Geneva Conference of 1954, called for national elections in the north and south. The Paris Peace Accords stipulated a sixty day period for the total withdrawal of U.S. forces.
Hundreds of thousands of South Vietnamese officials, particularly ARVN officers, were imprisoned in reeducation camps after the Communist takeover. Tens of thousands died and many fled the country after being released. Up to two million civilians left the country, and as many as half of these boat people perished at sea.
Vietnam began to repress its ethnic Chinese minority. Thousand fled and the exodus of the boat people began.
In the post-war, Americans struggled to absorb the lessons of the military intervention. As General Maxwell Taylor, one of the principal architects of the war, noted “first, we didn’t know ourselves. We thought that we were going into another Korean war, but this was a different country. Secondly, we didn’t know our South Vietnamese allies … And we knew less about North Vietnam. Who was Ho Chi Minh? Nobody really knew. So, until we know the enemy and know our allies and know ourselves, we’d better keep out of this kind of dirty business. It’s very dangerous.”
In the decades since end of the conflict, discussions have ensued as to whether America’s withdrawl was a political rather than military defeat. Some have suggested that “the responsibility for the ultimate failure of this policy [America’s withdrawl from Vietnam] lies not with the men who fought, but with those in Congress…
Almost 3 million Americans served in Vietnam. Between 1965 and 1973, the United States spent $120 billion on the war. This resulted in a large federal budget deficit. The war demonstrated that no power, not even a superpower, has unlimited strength and resources. But perhaps most significantly, the Vietnam War illustrated that political will, as much as material might, is a decisive factor in the outcome of conflicts.
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